This is a safe and simple test to determine the presence of inflammation in the breast which may indicate disease.Painless, non invasive and without any exposure to radiation, it should be used as part of an early detection program, alongside conventional checks, which gives women (and men) of all ages the opportunity to increase their chances of detecting breast disease at an early stage. It is particularly useful for women, as an additional test to suitable conventional checks, between the ages of 30 – 50, who tend to have denser breast tissue or women who have undergone mastectomy or other surgery of the breast.
Digital Thermal Imaging offers a safe add on screening procedure for all age groups, and can establish a breast baseline at an early stage – giving women with a high risk reading to explore further through more conventional testing the opportunity to change their lifestyle and explore non-invasive treatments to improve their health.
When used with other procedures, the best possible evaluation of breast health is made.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is not usually detected by mammograms or ultrasounds. Its aggressive nature makes early detection critical.
In 1981, Michel Gautherie, Ph.D., and his colleagues reported on a 10-year study, which found that an abnormal thermogram was 10 times more significant as a future risk indicator for breast cancer than having a history of breast cancer in your family.
Is it accurate? Yes. As a routine screening tool, it has been shown, in one study comparing it’s accuracy to final diagnosis, to be 97% effective at detecting benign vs. malignant breast abnormalities. Another study tracked 1537 women with abnormal thermograms for 12 years. They had normal mammograms and physical exams. Within 5 years, 40% of the women developed malignancies. The researchers commented, “an abnormal thermogram is the single most important marker of high risk for the future development of breast cancer”. These results have been repeated time and again for nearly 30 years.
We believe breast checks should be available to ALL women and consider thermography to be an essential option alongside conventional screening.
Breast Screening Test
This test is completely private. We allow 30 minutes for this appointment, which includes an opportunity to review thermograms and answer questions.
Initially, two thermograms, 3 months apart, generally establishes a thermal baseline. This baseline is used for all future analysis. The key to checking breast health is to monitor for any changes over time.
Thermograms are interpreted by a board of MD’s certified in Thermology. The reports and images are maintained in a secure data-base for future access.
Some Selected Research
Stark. A., Way, S. The Screening of Well Women for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer Using Clinical Examination with Thermography and Mammography. Cancer 33: 1671-1679, 1974
Researchers screened 4,621 asymptomatic women, 35% whom were under age 35 y.o. and detected 24 cancers (7.6 per 1000) with a sensitivity and specificity of 98.3% and 93.5% respectively
Y.R. Parisky, A. Sardi, R. Hamm, K. Hughes, L. Esserman, S. Rust, K.Callahan, Efficacy of Computerized Infrared Imaging Analysis to Evaluate Mammographically Suspicious Lesions. AJR:180, January 2003
Compared results of Infrared imaging prior to biopsy. The researchers determined that Thermography offers a safe, noninvasive procedure that would be valuable as an adjunct to mammography in determining whether a lesion is benign or malignant with a 99% predictive value.
Gros, C, Gautherie, M. Breast Thermography and Cancer Risk Prediction. Cancer 45:51-56 1980
From a patient base of 58,000 women screened with thermography, researchers followed 1,527 patients with initially healthy breasts and abnormal thermograms for 12 years. Of this group, 40% developed malignancies within 5 years. The study concluded that “an abnormal thermogram is the single most important marker of high risk for the future development of breast cancer”
Spitalier, H., Giraud, D. et al. Does Infrared Thermography Truly Have a Role in Present Day Breast Cancer Management? Biomedical Thermology pp.269-278, 1982
Spitalier and associates screened 61,000 women using thermography over a 10 year period. The false negative and positive rate was found to be 11% (89% sensitivity and specificity). 91% of the nonpalpable cancers (T0 rating) were detected by thermography. Of all the patients with cancer, thermography alone was the first alarm in 60% of cases. The authors noted “in patients having no clinical or radiographic suspicion of malignancy, a persistent abnormal breast thermogram represents the highest known risk factor for the future development of breast cancer”
Jiang LJ, Ng FY et al A Perspective on Medical Infrared Imaging. J Med Technol 2005 Nov-Dec;29(6):257-67
Since the early days of thermography in the 1950s, image processing techniques, sensitivity of thermal sensors and spatial resolution have progressed greatly, holding out fresh promise for infrared (IR) imaging techniques. Applications in civil, industrial and healthcare fields are thus reaching a high level of technical performance. In many diseases there are variations in blood flow, and these in turn affect the skin temperature. IR imaging offers a useful and non-invasive approach to the diagnosis and treatment (as therapeutic aids) of many disorders, in particular in the areas of rheumatology, dermatology, orthopaedics and circulatory abnormalities. This paper reviews many usages (and hence the limitations) of thermography in biomedical fields.